Narendra Modi’s overwhelming election victory has brought with it expectations of fast and noticeable improvements in the living conditions of hundreds of millions of Indians. The main focus of the new government is, therefore, the economic development of India, which is also one of the two leading guidelines for Modi’s foreign policy. The other major concern for the new government is the relationship with China. Modi’s success or failure in these two areas of India’s foreign policy will determine the country’s future role as a great power in global politics. This article assesses the adjustments and continuities in Indian foreign policy under the new government at the national, regional and international level. It also offers a first analysis of changes already visible and new initiatives undertaken by the Modi government.