The rapid urbanization in Java is primarily based on the development of its metropolitan region Jabotabek, the mega-urban agglomeration around Indonesia’s capital, Jakarta. This article deals with the connection between economic, spatial and demographic change within Metro-Jakarta, South East Asia’s most densely populated urban region. Focus is put on recent aspects of metro-management and dynamic city development, which has been politically promoted since the beginning of Suharto’s pro-Western ‘New Order’ in the late 1960s. The deregulation packages of the last decade have resulted in enormous international capital influx, the creation of new towns and an increasing transformation of sectoral employment, which can not be controlled successfully by regional and local authorities. This is due to the dominance of private, partly international developers, whose interest in globalizing low-wage Jabotabek is footloose in character and at present limited due to Indonesia’s economic turmoil, which could postpone Jabotabek’s rise to a global region.